Scientific Advisory Committee

Richard Buchholz, Ph.D.,

Associate Professor of Biology, University of Mississippi, Ph.D. University of Florida (Areas of expertise: behavioral conservation biology, birds and mammals)

He has worked on the conservation of cracids (curassows, guans and chachalacas) in captivity and in their natural habitats in South America, cooperated with state wildlife managers to understand the impact of rodents on the restoration of bottomland hardwood forests in Louisiana, helped a graduate student translocate nestlings of the endangered Red-Cockaded Woodpecker, studied the effect of inbreeding on climbing and foraging in White-Footed Mice, and the effect of harvesting introduced guava trees on native plants in Hawaiian forests. He is interested in reintroducing endangered species to the wild, understanding the effects of habitat fragmentation on behavior, detecting behavioral characteristics of extinction prone species, investigating the role of disease in conservation, and exploring the role of seed dispersal and predation on forest diversity and restoration.

Gregory S. Butcher, Ph.D.,

 Director of Bird Conservation for the National Audubon Society, Ph.D. in Zoology from the University of Washington (Areas of expertise: birds)

Greg oversees Audubon’s State of the Birds analyses and other research related to bird conservation. Greg has had a long association with Audubon’s Christmas Bird Count: as a participant since 1965, as a count compiler and database manager from 1984-92, and as a researcher since 1984. From 1992 to 1998, Greg served as Executive Director of the American Birding Association (ABA) where he spearheaded the addition of education and conservation initiatives to the organization’s program agenda. Under his leadership, ABA’s membership grew from 11,500 to 20,000 in five years. Previously, Greg was the Midwest Coordinator for Partners In Flight where he served on the species assessment technical committee, which determined many of the scores that underlie Audubon’s State of the Birds: WatchList methodology today. He also has served as editor of Birder’s World magazine. Greg started his career at Cornell University’s Laboratory of Ornithology as the Director of Bird Population Studies. His key accomplishments included helping to launch Project FeederWatch, an annual survey of birds that visit feeders in winter, and the National Science Experiments, where citizen scientists collected data to answer research questions about breeding habitat requirements of tanagers, birdseed preferences, and pigeon behavior and coloration. Greg is an elective member of the American Ornithologists’ Union (AOU) and past president of the Association of Field Ornithologists. He has field experience in Costa Rica, where he completed the Tropical Ecology course of the Organization for Tropical Studies, organized a symposium and field workshop on monitoring bird populations at the First International Wildlife Management Congress, and organized a joint meeting of the American Birding Association, Association of Field Ornithologists, and Costa Rican Ornithologists’ Association that attracted more than 400 participants. He has been an active field birder since the age of 11, birding in 47 of the 50 states, Canada, Mexico, Belize, Costa Rica, Panama, Peru, Chile, Europe, and South Africa. 

Sylvia Fallon, Ph. D.,

 Staff Scientist, Natural Resources Defense Council. Ph.D. University of Missouri, St. Louis (Areas of expertise: ecology, evolutionary biology, genetics, conservation biology)

Sylvia began her studies in ecology and evolutionary biology at the University of California, San Diego where she completed both her bachelor and master’s degree. After graduating, Sylvia worked as a research assistant at the Center for Conservation Biology at Stanford University with Dr. Paul Ehrlich. She later completed her doctorate degree at the University of Missouri, St. Louis focusing on the distribution and evolutionary relationships of avian malaria parasites. She continued her research with a postdoctoral fellowship at the Smithsonian Institution’s genetics program in Washington D.C. In 2004, Sylvia became an American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS) Environmental Fellow working with the Environmental Protection Agency. She has been with the Natural Resources Defense council (NRDC) since 2005 where she started as a science fellow researching the use of genetic data in endangered species listing decisions. She is currently a scientist with their Wildlife Conservation program.

Dr. Malcom Hunter, Ph.D.,

 Malcolm “Mac” Hunter is the Libra Professor of Conservation Biology in the Department of Wildlife, Fisheries, and Conservation Biology at the University of Maine. 

He earned his B.S. in Wildlife Science at the University of Maine then went to Oxford University where he received his Ph.D. in Zoology. His research covers a wide range of organisms and ecosystems–birds, amphibians, turtles, vascular plants, mammals, lakes, peatlands, grasslands, and more–but his major focus is on forests.   He has produced six books, mainly on conservation biology and managing forests for biodiversity. His interests are also geographically broad; he has worked in over 30 countries, mainly in Africa, South America, and the Himalayas.  He has been active with many government and private organizations, most notably serving as President of the Society for Conservation Biology.

David Inouye, Ph.D.,

 Professor and Director, CONS program, Department of Biology, 
University of Maryland (Areas of expertise: Ecology And Conservation Biology (Pollination Biology, Plant Demography, Climate Change Biology, Flowering Phenology, Plant-Animal Interactions)

Dr. Inouye has worked with bumblebees, euglossine bees, pollinating flies, tephritid flies, hummingbirds, and wildflowers, on topics including pollination biology, flowering phenology, plant demography, and plant-animal interactions such as ant-plant mutualisms, nectar robbing, and seed predation.  He has worked in Australia, Austria, Central America, and Colorado, where he has spent summer field seasons since 1971 at the Rocky Mountain Biological Laboratory (RMBL).  His long-term studies of flowering phenology and plant demography are being used now to provide insights into the effects of climate change at high altitudes.  Dr. Inouye teaches courses in ecology and conservation biology at the University of Maryland, and has also taught at the University of Colorado’s Mountain Research Station, the Rocky Mountain Biological Laboratory, and with the Organization for Tropical Studies.  At the University of Maryland he directs the graduate program in Sustainable Development and Conservation Biology

Gary A. Krupnick, Ph.D.,

 Head of the Plant Conservation Unit, Smithsonian’s National Museum of Natural History (Areas of expertise: conservation biology, plant conservation assessments, ecology, plant-animal interactions)

Dr. Krupnick coordinates activities and research that focus on plant conservation, endangered plant species, and biodiversity hotspots. His primary research examines how data from herbarium specimens can be used in assessing the global conservation status of plant species. He has conducted conservation assessments of the flora of Hawaii and the flora of the West Indies. Along with the American Society of Botanical Artists, he co-curated the traveling exhibition, “Losing Paradise? Endangered Plants Here and Around the World,” resulting in a convergence of art, science, conservation, and education. Dr. Krupnick serves on the steering committees of the North American Pollinator Protection Campaign and the North American Orchid Conservation Center. He is the co-editor of the book Plant Conservation: A Natural History Approach (University of Chicago Press; 2005), and the editor of two newsletters—the Biological Conservation Newsletter and The Plant Press (newsletter of the U.S. National Herbarium).

Thomas E. Lovejoy

 Professor of Environmental Science and Policy at George mason University, Senior Fellow at the United Nations Foundation and Conservation Fellow at the National Geographic. 

Thomas E. Lovejoy is University Professor of Environmental Science and Policy at George mason University, Senior Fellow at the United Nations Foundation and Conservation Fellow at the National Geographic. He had previous leadership roles at the World Wildlife Fund-US (1973-1987) the Smithsonian Institution (1987-1999) The World Bank (1999-2002),and the Heinz Center (2002=2008). He was the first to use the term biological diversity (1980) and made the first projection of species extinctions (also 1980)


early warming

Camille Parmesan, Ph.D.,

Associate Professor of Integrative Biology, University of Texas, Austin, Professor in the Section of Integrative Biology at the Marine Institute at Plymouth University in the United Kingdom. PhD from University of Texas (Areas of expertise: insects, plant insect interactions, global warming)

Parmesan’s early research focused on multiple aspects of population biology, including the ecology, evolution and behaviors of insect/plant interactions. For the past several years, the focus of her work has been on current impacts of climate change in the 20th century on wildlife. Her work on butterfly range shifts has been highlighted in many scientific and popular press reports, such as in Science, Science News, New York Times, London Times, National Public Radio, and the recent BBC film series “State of the Planet” with David Attenborough. The intensification of global warming as an international issue led her into the interface of policy and science. Parmesan has given seminars in DC for the White House, government agencies, and NGOs (e.g., IUCN and WWF). As a lead author, she was involved in multiple aspects of the Third Assessment Report of the IPCC (Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, United Nations). 

Jan Randall, Ph.D.,

Dr. Jan Randall is a Board Member of the Endangered Species Coalition, Professor Emeritus of Biology at San Francisco State University and a fellow of the California Academy of Science and the American Association for the Advancement of Science (Areas of expertise: mammals, deserts and education)

Jan grew up on a family cattle ranch in a very small town, Dietrich, in southern Idaho with 12 students in the high school graduating class. She has a B.S. in zoology, University of Idaho; M.Ed. University of Washington, Seattle; Ph.D. in zoology Washington State University; postdoctoral fellow University of Texas, Austin; visiting professor, Cornell University. She has held academic positions in biology departments at Central Missouri State University and San Francisco State University. Her research focuses on behavioral ecology and evolution of desert rodents in western United States and Central Asia with emphasis on communication and social organization resulting in over 50 publication. She is currently working on genetics of the endangered giant kangaroo rat in the Carrizo Plain National Monument in California. Jan has received grants from the National Geographic Society, National Science Foundation, National Institute of Health and Research and Development Foundation. Jan is a fellow of the California Academy of Science and the American Association for the Advancement of Science. She has received the Outstanding Alumni Award from the University of Idaho and will be receiving a career award from Animal Behavior Society this year. Jan is a Professor Emeritus of Biology at San Francisco State University.

Brian Silliman, Ph.D.,

 Brian Silliman is the Rachel Carson Associate Professor of Marine Conservation Biology. He holds both B.A. and M.S. degrees from the University of Virginia, and completed his Ph.D. in Ecology and Evolutionary Biology at Brown University.

Dr. Silliman was named a David H. Smith Conservation Fellow with The Nature Conservancy in 2004 and a Visiting Professor with the Royal Netherlands Society of Arts and Sciences in 2011. He has also received several awards, including the Young Investigator Award from the American Society of Naturalists (2006), a Young Investigator Grant Award from the Andrew Mellon Foundation (2007), and a NSF Career Grant Award (2011). Dr. Silliman has published 13 book chapters and over 90 peer reviewed journal articles, and co-edited two books Human Impacts on Salt Marshes: A Global Perspective (with T. Grosholtz and M. D. Bertness) and Marine Community Ecology (with M. Bertness, J. Bruno and J. Stachowicz). His teaching and research are focused on community ecology, conservation and restoration, global change, plant–animal interactions, and evolution and ecological consequences of cooperative behavior.